3RD WEEK (ENGLISH)

SET 1

1. Which state has launched Rs 50,000 cr farm debt-waiver scheme?

a) Karnataka
b) Maharashtra 
c) Madhya Pradesh
d) Rajasthan

2. The Indian Council of Agricultural Research signed a MoU for promotion of agricultural biotechnology research and education with which of the following government departments?

a) Department of Agriculture and Co-operation
b) Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals 
c) Department of Fertilizers
d) Department of Biotechnology

3. Which country has changed its name to North Macedonia?

a) Greece
b) Macedonia
c) Armenia 
d) Bulgaria

4. The Union Human Resource Ministry is planning to introduce 10 per cent EWS reservation quota from which academic year?

a) 2019-20
b) 2020-21
c) 2022-23
d) 2021-22

5. Which among the following countries has become the new chair of G77, UN’s largest intergovernmental organisation of developing countries?

a) India
b) Palestine 
c) Pakistan
d) South Africa

6. Who was elected as the Rajasthan Assembly Speaker recently?

a) CP Joshi
b) Gulab Chand Katariya
c) Nitishwara Kumar
d) Hemaram Choudhary

7. 9th International Micro irrigation conference began in which city recently?

a) Agra
b) Aurangabad
c) Jaipur
d) Moradabad

8. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate which edition of the Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit on January 18, 2019?

a) Seventh
b) Eighth
c) Ninth
d) Tenth

9. The Ministry of Finance constituted a Group of Ministers (GoM) for boosting which sector under the GST regime?

a) MSME Sector
b) Agriculture Sector
c) Infrastructure Sector
d) Real Estate Sector

10. Which state is leading in the Medal tally of Khelo India Youth Games 2019 with 177 Medals as on January 16, 2019?

a) Maharashtra
b) Haryana
c) Delhi
d) Punjab

Answers 

1. (c) Madhya Pradesh

In Madhya Pradesh, Chief Minister Kamal Nath launched the Rs 50,000-crore farm debt-waiver scheme named ‘Jai Kisan Rin Mukti Yojana’ on January 15, 2019. Hailing the scheme as a milestone, Nath said that it would benefit 55 lakh small and marginal farmers.  The state cabinet gave its nod to waive crop loans of 55 lakh farmers  on January 5.

2. (d) Department of Biotechnology

The Department of Biotechnology and the Indian Council of Agricultural Research have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to increase emphasis on multi-disciplinary research and development activities and nurturing innovations in agricultural biotechnology research and education.

3. (b) Macedonia

The parliamentarians of the Republic of Macedonia voted on January 11, 2019 to change their country’s name to the “Republic of North Macedonia”. The move now awaits approval from the Greece Parliament. It results from a longstanding dispute between the two countries, because a region of Greece bordering the Macedonian republic is also called Macedonia. 

4. (a) 2019-20

Union HRD Minister Prakash Javadekar while addressing a press conference in New Delhi on January 15, 2019, informed that in a landmark decision, the Government  has decided that 10 percent Economically Weaker Section (EWS) quota will be implemented across 40, 000 colleges and 900 Universities in the country from academic year 2019-20 itself.

5. (b) Palestine

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres welcomed the “historic leadership” of Palestine which assumed the chairmanship of G77, the global body’s largest intergovernmental organisation of developing countries including India. Egypt was the previous Chair of the Group of 77 (G77), a coalition of 134 members, along with China which aligns itself with the bloc.

6. (a) CP Joshi

In Rajasthan, senior leader of Congress and former Central Minister C.P Joshi was elected as Speaker of the 15th Legislative Assembly. Leader of the house, Ashok Gehlot proposed his name for the speaker which was seconded by Deputy Chief Minister Sachin Pilot.

7. (b) Aurangabad

The 9th International Micro irrigation conference began on January 16, 2019 in Aurangabad, Maharashtra. The conference will focus on the theme of “Micro Irrigation and Modern Agriculture”.

8. (c) Ninth

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the ninth edition of the Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit 2019 on January 18, 2019. The summit will be held at the Mahatma Mandir, Gandhinagar, Gujarat.

9. (d) Real Estate Sector

The Ministry of Finance on January 15, 2019 constituted a Group of Ministers (GoM) for boosting the Real Estate Sector under the GST regime. The GoM was constituted in pursuance of the decision of GST Council taken in the 32nd meeting held on January 10, 2019 at New Delhi.

10. (a) Maharashtra

Maharashtra is leading in Medal tally of Khelo India Youth Games with 177 Medals including 64 Gold. Delhi is on number 2 with 121 medals including 47 Gold and Haryana is on number 3 with 110 Medals including 37 Gold.

SET 2

1. The Ministry of Finance on January 16, 2019 constituted a Group of Ministers convened by Sudhir Mungantiwar to look into which issue?
a) Lottery
b) Adulteration
c) Corruption
d) All of them

2. The UNNATI Programme was launched on January 17, 2019 by which organisation to commemorate the UNISPACE+50?
a) NASA
b) ISRO
c) Ministry of Science & Technology
d) DRDO

3. Who won the Franco-German Award for Human Rights 2018?
a) Li Zhang
b) Xi Zhou
c) Yu Wensheng
d) Chen Zi

4. The Union Cabinet on January 16, 2019 approved the recapitalisation of which bank?
a) Dena Bank
b) RBL Bank
c) IDBI Bank
d) EXIM Bank

5. The IMBEX Exercise started recently between India and which country?
a) Myanmar 
b) Sri Lanka
c) Mauritius
d) Singapore

6. The Prime Minister of which nation faced a no-confidence vote on January 16, 2019?
a) Myanmar
b) United Kingdom
c) Belgium
d) Spain

7. Which Indian among the following has become the world’s youngest mountaineer to climb 7 Peaks, 7 Volcano Summits?
a) Arjun Vajpai
b) Krushnaa Patil
c) Pranav Rawat
d) Satyarup Siddhanta

8. How many lawmakers voted against the Brexit deal in the UK Parliament on January 15, 2019?
a) 432
b) 202
c) 243
d) 361

9. Who has launched voter awareness forums across the country?
a) Human Resource Development Ministry 
b) Election Commission of India
c) Niti Aayog 
d) Reserve Bank of India

10. Who has imposed penalty on Chemists and Druggists Association of Baroda?
a) Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
b) Niti Aayog
c) Medical Council of India
d) Competition Commission of India

ANSWERS

1. (a) Lottery
The Ministry of Finance on January 16, 2019 constituted a Group of Ministers (GoM) on issues relating to lottery. The GoM was constituted in pursuance of the decision of GST Council taken in the 32nd meeting held on January 10, 2019 at New Delhi.

2. (b) ISRO
National space agency, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on January 17, 2019 launched the UNNATI (UNispace Nano-satellite Assembly and Training by ISRO) programme at the U R Rao Satellite Centre, Bengaluru. UNNATI is a capacity building programme on nanosatellite development. 

3. (c) Yu Wensheng
Chinese lawyer Yu Wensheng won the ‘Franco-German Human Rights’ award on 14 January 2019. Yu Wensheng is best known for suing the Beijing government over the city’s once chronic pollution.

4. (d) EXIM Bank
The Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on January 16, 2019 approved the recapitalisation of the Export-Import Bank of India (EXIM Bank). The Cabinet also approved an increase in the authorized capital of EXIM Bank from Rs 10,000 crore to Rs. 20,000 crore. 

5. (a) Myanmar 
The 2nd edition of India-Myanmar bilateral Army exercise ‘IMBEX 2018-19’ commenced at Chandi Mandir military station in Haryana that houses the headquarters of the Western Command of the Indian Army.

6. (b) United Kingdom
British Prime Minister Theresa May and her minority government on January 16, 2019 faced a no-confidence motion, tabled by opposition Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn following the rejection of the Brexit deal. The motion was won by May with 325 votes in favour of her government and 306 against, by a majority of 19 votes.

7. (d) Satyarup Siddhanta
Mountaineer Satyarup Siddhanta on January 16, 2019 became the youngest man to climb the seven highest peaks and volcanic summits across all continents after conquering Antartica’s highest point Mount Sidley. 

8. (a) 432
British Prime Minister Theresa May suffered a crushing defeat in the Parliament on January 15, 2019 when over 100 lawmakers of May’s Conservative party – both Brexiteers and Remainers, voted against the Brexit deal. Britain is scheduled to leave the EU on March 29, 2019.

9. (b) Election Commission of India
The Election Commission of India on January 16, 2019 launched Voter Awareness Forum in New New Delhi. The key objective of the Voter Awareness Forums is to promote informed and ethical electoral participation, beginning from the first step, which is voter registration.

10. (d) Competition Commission of India
The Competition Commission of India has imposed a penalty on the Chemists and Druggists Association of Baroda after it found it to be in contravention of the provisions of the Competition Act, 2002. The move was undertaken after a complaint alleged that the CDAB has indulged in restrictive trade practices.

SET 3

1. Which Indian athlete has become the first one to be nominated for the Laureus World Comeback of Year Award?

a) Vinesh Phogat
b) Virat Kohli
c) PV Sindhu
d) Mary Kom

2. Who has won the ‘Laureus Sportsman of the Year award’ the maximum number of times?

a) Lewis Hamilton
b) Roger Federer
c) Lionel Messi
d) Cristiano Ronaldo

3. Indian Naval Air Station Shibpur will be commissioned into which Indian naval vessel?

a) INS Garuda
b) INS Shikra
c) INS Utkrosh
d) INS Kohassa

4. The Union Home Minister has approved a task force report on the use of space technology in which area?

a) Border management
b) Education
c) Fighting Air Pollution 
d) Rural Development

5. Which among the following branches of IIT has announced the launch of a full-fledged B.Tech course in Artificial Intelligence?

a) IIT Delhi 
b) IIT Madras
c) IIT Hyderabad
d) IIT Roorkee

6. Who inaugurated the Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit 2019?

a) Narendra Modi
b) Ram Nath Kovind
c) Mukesh Ambani
d) Ratan Tata

7. 
The Pradhan Mantri Rozgar Protsahan Yojana (PMRPY) achieved which milestone on January 14, 2019?

a) Job for all
b) One crore beneficiaries
c) Complete Job security
d) Completion of target

8. 
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the National Museum of Indian Cinema in which city?

a) New Delhi
b) Pune
c) Mumbai
d) Gurgaon

9.
 Who was appointed the CEO of the International Cricket Council (ICC)?

a) David Richardson 
b) Rohit Sharma
c) Vinod Dua
d) Manu Sawhney

10. Which Ministry organised the Saksham 2019 campaign?

a) Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
b) Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
c) Ministry of Home Affairs
d) Ministry of Information and Broadcasting

Answers 

1. (a) Vinesh Phogat

Indian star wrestler Vinesh Phogat has become the first Indian athlete to be nominated for the prestigious Laureus World Comeback of the Year Award. Phogat has been nominated for the award alongside US Tour Championship winner Tiger Woods, who won his first tournament in five years.  

2. (b) Roger Federer

The Laureus World Sports Awards is an annual awards ceremony, which honours individuals and teams from the world of sports along with sporting achievements throughout the year. Swiss tennis player Roger Federer with 6 awards holds the record for having won the ‘Laureus Sportsman of the Year award’ maximum number of times.

3. (d) INS Kohassa

Naval Air Station Shibpur will be commissioned as INS Kohassa by Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Sunil Lanba on January 24, 2019. The move is being undertaken to enhance the operational capability of Andaman and Nicobar Command.

4. (a) Border management

Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh has approved report of task force created by MHA to identify areas for use of space technology in improving Border Management. The key aim is to strengthen island and border security and facilitate development of infrastructure in border and island areas.

5. (c) IIT Hyderabad

The Indian Institute of Technology-Hyderabad (IIT-H) has announced the launch of a full-fledged bachelor’s programme in Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology from the new academic session, a first for the country and only the third globally. 

6. (a) Narendra Modi

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the ninth edition of the Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit 2019 on January 18, 2019. The summit is being held at the Mahatma Mandir, Gandhinagar, Gujarat.

7. (b)  One crore beneficiaries

The Pradhan Mantri Rozgar Protsahan Yojana (PMRPY), the flagship scheme of the Union Government for employment generation, crossed the milestone of one crore beneficiaries on January 14, 2019.

8. (c) Mumbai

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the National Museum of Indian Cinema (NMIC) in Mumbai on January 19, 2019.  The development of the Museum was guided by the Museum Advisory Committee headed by Shyam Benegal. 

9. (d) Manu Sawhney

Manu Sawhney, a veteran media professional, was appointed as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the International Cricket Council (ICC). He will join the organisation in February 2019 and will take formal charge of his position in July, once incumbent David Richardson steps down following the 2019 ICC Men’s Cricket World Cup. 

10. (a) Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas

Saksham 2019 is an annual high intensity one-month long people-centric mega campaign, which is organised by Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) under the aegis of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.

SET 4

1. Who was chosen for the first Sheikh Saud International Prize for Materials?
a) C N R Rao
b) K Sivan
c) Satish Dhawan
d) AS Kiran Kumar

2. Indians over 65 and under 15 years can now use Aadhaar Card to visit which country?
a) Sri Lanka
b) Nepal
c) Indonesia
d) Malaysia

3. The 15th edition of the Pravasi Bhartiya Divas (PBD) began at which city?
a) Prayagraj
b) Agra
c) Varanasi
d) Rishikesh

4. Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the National Museum of Indian Cinema in which city?
a) New Delhi
b) Pune
c) Gurgaon
d) Mumbai

5. Which state announced Shaurya Award for Students?
a) Haryana
b) Rajasthan
c) Punjab
d) Gujarat

6. According to PwC report, India is likely to surpass which nation in the world’s largest economy rankings?
a) France
b) China
c) UK
d) Japan

7. Which city will be hosting the annual meet of the 2019 World Economic Forum?
a) Davos
b) Bern
c) Berlin
d) Geneva

8. Which city has been named as the first World Capital of Architecture for 2020 by UNESCO?
a) Paris
b) Geneva
c) Tokyo 
d) Rio de Janeiro

9. Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman launched India’s second defence industrial corridor in which state?
a) Telangana
b) Andhra Pradesh
c) Tamil Nadu
d) Kerala

10. Which state would be hosting the 2nd World Integrated Medicine Forum 2019?
a) Maharashtra 
b) Uttar Pradesh
c) Karnataka
d) Goa

ANSWERS

1. (a) C N R Rao
Eminent scientist and recipient of Bharat Ratna C N R Rao was chosen for the first Sheikh Saud International Prize for Materials Research by the Centre for Advanced Materials of the United Arab Emirates.

2. (b) Nepal
The Union Ministry of Home Affairs on January 20, 2019 announced that Aadhaar Cards are now valid travel documents for Indians under 15 and over 65 years travelling to Nepal and Bhutan. However, Indians belonging to the age bracket of 15 to 65 years will not be able to use Aadhaar to travel to the two neighbouring countries. 

3. (c) Varanasi
The 15th edition of the Pravasi Bhartiya Divas (PBD) began at Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh on January 21, 2019, giving a chance to the Indian diaspora to participate in the ongoing Kumbha Mela. For the first time in the history of Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas, the event is being held in Varanasi, the cultural and spiritual capital of India. 

4. (c) Mumbai
Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the National Museum of Indian Cinema (NMIC) in Mumbai on January 19, 2019.  The development of the Museum was guided by the Museum Advisory Committee headed by Shyam Benegal. 

5. (a) Haryana
Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar announced a ‘Shaurya Award’ for students in the name of 71 martyrs of state police force who laid down their lives in the line of duty while protecting society and maintaining law and order in the state.

6. (c) UK
India is likely to surpass the United Kingdom in the world’s largest economy rankings in 2019, as per a report by global consultancy firm PwC. As per PwC’s Global Economy Watch report, while the UK and France have regularly switched places owing to similar levels of development and equal populations, India’s climb up the rankings is likely to be permanent.

7. (a) Davos
The World Economic Forum (WEF) annual meet will begin in Davos on January 22, 2019. World leaders from across the globe will flock to the ski resort town on the Swiss Alps for five days to discuss what’s ailing the world amid fears of the global economy sleepwalking into a crisis. 

8. (d) Rio de Janeiro
UNESCO has named the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro as the World Capital of Architecture for 2020. Rio will be the first city to receive the title under a programme launched together by UNESCO and the International Union of Architects in November 2018. 

9. (c) Tamil Nadu
Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has inaugurated the Tamil Nadu Defence Industrial Corridor from Tiruchirappalli, taking a major step forward to boost indigenous production of defence equipment. The corridor is the second defence corridor being set up by the government to support various defence manufacturing units. 

10. (d) Goa
The 2nd World Integrated Medicine Forum 2019 on the Regulation of Homeopathic Medical Products will be held in Goa from January 23, 2019. 20 countries will participate in the event. This forum will strengthen regulatory framework worldwide, to assure that the users of Homoeopathy could have wider access to quality-assured homeopathic medicines.

SET 5

1. Which cricketer was named ICC Test, ODI Player and Cricketer of the year 2018?

a) Kane Williamson 
b) Quinton de Kock
c) Virat Kohli 
d) Jasprit Bumrah

2. Who is the only cricketer besides Kohli to be named in both ICC Test and ODI teams of the year 2018?

a) Jasprit Bumrah
b) Rishabh Pant
c) Rohit Sharma
d) Kuldeep Yadav

3. Which cricketer won ICC Men’s Emerging Cricketer of the Year award for the year 2018?

a) Kane Williamson 
b) Jasprit Bumrah
c) Kuldeep Yadav
d) Rishabh Pant

4. Which nation topped the Global Trust Index?

a) US
b) Japan
c) India
d) China

5. India stood at which position in the Global Trust index in the informed public category?

a) First
b) Second
c) Fourth
d) Third

6. Who inaugurated the 15th Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas on January 22, 2019 in Varanasi?

a) Yogi Adityanath
b) Ram Nath Kovind
c) Narendra Modi
d) Amit Shah

7. 
Nitin Gadkari on January 21, 2019 inaugurated the 39 National Highways Projects in which state?

a) Andhra Pradesh
b) Telangana
c) Punjab
d) Odisha

8. Who conferred the Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar 2019 on January 22, 2019?

a) Venkaiah Naidu
b) Ram Nath Kovind
c) Narendra Modi
d) Arun Jaitley

9. The Government on January 21, 2019 constituted a Standing Committee headed by which body to oversee the drug pricing regime?

a) RBI
b) SEBI
c) NITI Aayog
d) FICCI

10. Which state launched the budget on January 22, 2019?

a) Bihar
b) Uttar Pradesh
c) Jharkhand
d) Kerala

Answers

1. (c) Virat Kohli

Indian skipper Virat Kohli on January 22, 2019 became the first cricketer to win all the top three ICC individual awards including the Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy for ICC Cricketer of the Year, the ICC Men’s Test Player of the Year and the ICC ODI Player of the Year for his performances in 2018.

2. (a) Jasprit Bumrah

The ICC Test team of the year 2018 featured three players each from India and New Zealand. The Indian players included in the ICC test team included Rishabh Pant, Jasprit Bumrah and Virat Kohli. Besides Kohli, fast bowler Jasprit Bumrah was the only player to be named in both Test and ODI sides. The other two Indians in the ICC ODI team of the year included opener Rohit Sharma and spinner Kuldeep Yadav.

3. (d) Rishabh Pant

Indian wicketkeeper Rishabh Pant claimed the ICC’s Emerging Cricketer of the Year award for 2018. Meanwhile, Indian skipper Virat Kohli, who accumulated a total of 1322 runs from 13 Tests, 1202 from 14 ODIs and 211 from 10 T20Is, became the first player to win all the top three ICC individual awards together.

4. (d) China

China topped the Global Trust Index among both the informed public and the general population segments, with scores of 79 and 88 respectively. India was at the second place in the informed public category and third place in the general population category.

5. (b) Second

China topped the Global Trust Index among both the informed public and the general population segments, with scores of 79 and 88 respectively. India was at the second place in the informed public category and third place in the general population category.

6. (c) Narendra Modi

The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi inaugurated the 15th Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas on January 22, 2019 in his parliamentary constituency, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. In the history of Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas, the event is being held for the first time in Varanasi, the cultural and spiritual capital of India.

7. (a) Andhra Pradesh

Union Minister for Road Transport & Highways, Shipping, Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Nitin Gadkari inaugurated and laid the foundation stone of 39 National Highways Projects in Andhra Pradesh. These include construction of eleven ROBs under Setu Bhartam programme. 

8. (b) Ram Nath Kovind

The President of India, Ram Nath Kovind on January 22, 2019 conferred the Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar 2019. The awards were presented to 26 shortlisted awardees including one joint award for National Child Award (now renamed as Bal Shakti Puraskar) under the category of innovation, scholastic, sports, art and culture, social service and bravery. 

9. (c) NITI Aayog

The Government on January 21, 2019 constituted a Standing Committee headed by NITI Aayog to oversee the drug pricing regime. The constitution of the Committee is seen as a move that would curb the powers of the National Pharmaceuticals Pricing Authority (NPPA) when it comes to regulating the prices of medicines in the country.

10. (c) Jharkhand

Jharkhand Chief Minister Raghubar Das tabled in the assembly annual budget for the state for the year 2019-20 worth Rs 85,429 crore. Out of the Rs 85,429 crore, the government has set aside Rs 65,803 crore while the institutional expenditure has been pegged at Rs 19,626 crore.

SET 6

1. Which Ministry notified the 2019 Coastal Regulation Zone norms recently?
a) Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
b) Ministry of Shipping
c) Ministry of Commerce & Industry 
d) Ministry of Power

2. India agreed upon critical partnership in various sectors with which country on the sidelines of the 15th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas?
a) Saudi Arabia
b) Mauritius
c) Brazil
d) Armenia

3. Which institution recently held that the marriage between Hindu woman and Muslim man is irregular?
a) Central Government
b) President Ram Nath Kovind
c) Supreme Court
d) Parliament

4. Which city hosted the two-day Global Investors Summit on January 23, 2019?
a) Mumbai
b) Bengaluru
c) New Delhi
d) Chennai

5. Which city hosted the World Economic Forum (WEF) 2019 annual meet?
a) Davos 
b) Paris
c) London
d) Madrid

6. India will surpass which nation to become 2nd largest oil demand centre in 2019?
a) US
b) China
c) Saudi Arabia
d) UAE

7. Which state’s government has approved Rs 253 cr worth Nirbhaya scheme 
a) Maharashtra
b) Karnataka
c) Uttar Pradesh
d) Delhi

8. Name the largest-ever coastal defence exercise undertaken by the Indian Navy, ten years after 26/11 attacks?
a) Sea Vigil
b) Tropex
c) Indira
d) Shakti

9. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated a museum relating to which freedom fighter at the Red Fort in Delhi?
a) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
b) Bhagat Singh
c) Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
d) Chandrashekhar Azad

10. The Yaad-e-Jallian museum that provides a historical account of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre has been unveiled in which Indian monument?
a) Qutub Minar
b) Jantar Mantar
c) Old Fort
d) Red Fort

ANSWERS

1. (a) Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change on January 18, 2019 notified the 2019 Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) norms, replacing the existing CRZ norms of 2011. The new CRZ norms, issued under Section 3 of the Environment Protection Act, 1986, aim to promote sustainable development based on scientific principles taking into account the natural hazards such as increasing sea levels due to global warming.

2. (b) Mauritius
Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Mauritian counterpart Pravind Kumar Jugnauth held talks on January 22, 2019 on the sidelines of the 15th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas. They discussed ways to boost bilateral trade and investment, including finalisation of a comprehensive economic partnership agreement.

3. (c) Supreme Court
The Supreme Court on January 22, 2019 held that a child born out of a marriage between a Muslim man and his Hindu wife is entitled to claim a share in his father’s property. The bench comprising Justice NV Ramana and Justice Mohan M. Shantanagoudar observed that the marriage of a Muslim man with Hindu woman or fire-worshipper is neither a valid (sahih) nor a void (batil) marriage, but is merely an irregular (fasid) marriage.

4. (d) Chennai
The two-day Global Investors Summit, organised by Tamil Nadu government, was held in Chennai. Defence Minister Nirmala Sitaraman unveiled the Tamil Nadu Aerospace and Defence Industrial Policy in the event.

5. (a) Davos
The annual meet of World Economic Forum (WEF) began on January 22, 2019 in Davos, Switzerland. The World leaders from across the globe will attend the Forum at the Swiss Alps for five days to discuss the looming global economic crisis, global cooperation challenges, rapid climate change, increasing pollution levels, habitat loss, fourth wave of globalization, among others. 

6. (b) China
India will surpass China to become the second largest oil demand growth centre globally in 2019 on back of buoyant auto fuel and LPG consumption, as per a report by research and consultancy group Wood Mackenzie that released on January 22, 2019. The group forecasts the oil demand to grow at the same level in 2019.

7. (a) Maharashtra
The Maharashtra cabinet on January 22, 2019 approved the implementation of the Centre’s Nirbhaya scheme, which seeks to curb crimes against women, for Mumbai. The Nirbhaya Fund was initiated in 2013 by the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government to implement initiatives aimed at enhancing safety and security of women across India.

8. (a) Sea Vigil
The Indian Navy has commenced its largest-ever coastal defence exercise – ‘Sea Vigil’-off the Indian coast, ten years after the “26/11” attack. The exercise, a first of its kind, is being undertaken along the entire 7516.6 km coastline and Exclusive Economic Zone of India, involving all the 13 coastal States and Union Territories. It aims to comprehensively and holistically validate the efficacy of the measures taken since the ’26/11′ attack in Mumbai.

9. (c) Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated the Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose museum at the iconic Red Fort in Delhi to mark the leader’s 122nd birth anniversary. The museum showcases various artefacts related to Subhash Chandra Bose and INA. 

10. (d) Red Fort
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on January 23, 2019 unveiled four historical museums at the Red Fort in New Delhi. The museums include one relating to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, the Yaad-e-Jallian Museum based on the Jallianwala Bagh and World War I, museum on 1857- India’s first war of Independence and Drishyakala museum- exhibition of Indian art.